One of the earliest caves in Maharashtra, Pitalkhora Caves are located in Chandora hills, near Bharmarwadi village, Aurangabad district. This 3rd-Century rock-cut Buddhist cave complex is the largest group of monuments belonging to the Satavahana Dynasty. Also known as Brazen Glen, the caves are made up of fourteen rock-cut structures which have fine architectural styles and paintings. Out of these fourteen monuments, four are chaityas and the rest are viharas.
The Pitalkhora Caves dates back to the 1st century BC to 5th century AD. Discovered in 1853 and lesser known as compared to Ajanta and Ellora Caves, these exquisite caves boast of beautiful inscriptions of animals and statues of soldiers. They are cut in a variety of basalt rock. However, some of them are damaged due to climatic conditions. The caves are divided into Group I and Group II. Cave number 1 to 9 comes under Group I and 10 to 14 come under Group II. A flight of concrete steps has to be climbed past a beautiful waterfall which makes the sight even more fascinating. Pitalkhora Caves should be definitely in the bucket list of tourists looking for a historical expedition.